Prevalence of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus and its Associated Factors in Private Male Office Workers of Islamabad

Noureen Latif1 Saleemullah*, Ali Nasre Alam**,Tabinda Zaman*** *Quetta Institute of Medical Sciences *Sarhad University Islamabad Campus

Abstract


Background: Increased prevalence of diabetes is an important alarming factor of the several diseases like CHD, hypertension and many more, so it is important to find out the causative factors and preventive measures to stop this condition. Objectives:  objectives were to see the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in private male office workers of Islamabad and associated factors of type 2 DM. Methodology: This was a descriptive study. Total 400 persons of both genders between 15 to 55 years of age out of four classes of society included in the study. A structured questionnaire was designed to get the related information from the participants. Data entry & analysis was done by using SPSS 17. Results: Prevalence was found to be 13.5% among the office workers Conclusion: Multiple factors are responsible for prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus including obesity, family history, type a personality, dietary habits, lack of exercise, sedentary life style, cousin marriages, some related diseases, etc. The study showed that the prevalence was high among aged office workers and those with sedentary and stress full life style. Level of awareness about diabetes is unsatisfactory. Key Words: Prevalence, Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Associated factors, Private Male Office Workers.


Keyword


Prevalence, Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Associated factors, Private Male Office Workers.


Reference


References

1.     Rubin RJ,Altman WM,Mendelson DN.Health care expenditure for people with diabetes  mellitus,1992.J.Clin.Endocrino.Metab.,1994:78:809A809F.

2.     Rubin RJ,Altman WM,Mendelson DN.Health care expenditure for people with diabetes  mellitus,1992.J.Clin.Endocrino.Metab.,1994:78:809A809F.

3.     King H, Rewers M.Global estimates for prevalence of glucose intolerance.Diabetes Care, 1993: 16:121-25.

4.     Amos AJ, McCarty DJ, Zimmet P. The rising global burden of diabetes and its complications: estimates and projections to the year 2010 .Diabetic medicine, 1997: 14 (suppl):S7-S84.

5.     Shera AS, Rafique G.Khawaja IA,et al.Pakistan National Diabetes survew prevalence of  glucose intolerance and associated factors in Shikarpur,Sindh.Diabetic  Med.1995:12:1116-21.

6.     Ramaiya KL,Kodali VVR,Alberti KGMM.Epidemiology of diabetes in Asians of the Indian  Subcontinent.Diabetes Metab.Rev.1990:6:125-46,

7.     Ramaiya  KL,Kodali VVR,Alberti KGMM.Epidemiology of diabetes in Asians of the  Indian Subcontinent. Diabetes Metab.Rev.1990:6:125-46

8.     R. Hakeem A. Fawwad. Diabetes in Pakistan: Epidemiology, Determinants and Prevention. Journal of Diabetology, June 2010; 3:4

9.     Ullas Kamath. Maternal and fetal indicators of oxidative stress during intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. 2006;1 (21): 111-115

10. D. J. Pettitt. Low Birth Weight as a Risk Factor for Gestational Diabetes, Diabetes, and Impaired Glucose Tolerance During Pregnancy. Diabetes Care.2007;30(2): S147-S149

11. https:/predknowledge/wpengine/blog/2012/099/12/prevention

12. www.mayoclinic.org/disease-condition/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-managament/art-2004 5803


Download File 1

Download File 2